Primary Osteoporosis is the most common type of osteoporosis which can be post menopausal or senile; Osteoporosis can be developed secondary to other diseases as cushing’s syndrome, acromegally, diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic renal failure, chronic liver failure and hyperthyroidism.
6-Decreased calcium intake
7-Vitamin D deficiency
13- High protein diet
14- Soft drinks
15- Aluminum antacid
Osteoprosis is a silent disease but patients may complain of
4-Loss of height
As most of the diseases osteoporosis depends mainly on taking history in addition to some investigations as X-ray and DEXA “Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry”.
Investigations for other diseases may be required in secondary osteoporosis which includes cortisol level, thyroid function test, blood urea, serum creatinine,
4-Decreasing caffeine intake
5-Decreasing Alcohol intake
7-Estrogen replacement therapy if needed especially in early menopause
1-Bisphosphonates which act as osteoclast antagonist