Gall stones

Posted at February 27, 2011 | By : | Categories : Articles | 0 Comment

Gall stones are hard deposits that are formed in the gallbladder but it may migrate into the biliary tract.

Gallstones are present in about 10-20 % of the population with higher prevalence in females.

Risk factors:

1- Contraceptive pills

2- Obesity

3- Diabetes

4- Liver cirrhosis

5- Aging

6- High animal fat diet

7- Chronic haemolytic anemia

8- Rapid weight loss


1- Cholesterol gall stones (80 %)

2- Bile pigment stones (20%)

Symptoms and signs:

The majority of cases of gallstones are asymptomatic, discovered accidently by abdominal sonar, X-ray or surgery but if the stone is large the patient may suffer from:

1- Pain in the right upper abdomen

2- Jaundice

3- Fever

4- Abdominal fullness

Complications of gall stones:

1- Pancreatitis

2- Cholecystitis

3- Obstructive jaundice

4- Cholangitis

5- Increased risk for carcinoma



1- Chenodeoxycholic or ursodeoxychlich or both

2- Lithotripsy by extracorporeal shock

3- Dissolution by methyl ether


Cholecystectomy either laproscopic or minilaparotomy

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